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Therefore, if on lead at the start, you priorities are usually:. After this, you normally try to give the lead to your partner.
If you are on the Re side you will normally lead a trump to your partner's Q. If on the Kontra side you may lead a side suit this is not always done, but gives a good indication of which side the leader is on.
However, if your partner has said Kontra you should lead a trump as they should have at least one 10 and may well want you to lead trumps.
If you are trumping in, and there is a possibility of being overtrumped, trump with at least a Jack so that the fourth player cannot win with a Fox or 10 of trumps.
Similarly, if trumps are led then if you are the last player of your team to play to the trick, with one or both opponents after you, play a Jack or higher if no high card has been played so far.
It is important that you announce Re or Kontra if things seem to be going well, not only to increase the score for the game but also so that you can announce no 90 if things continue to go well.
If you announce Re or Kontra earlier than you need to, for example on your first play rather than your second, this indicates a possession of additional strength normally high trumps, which are very important in play.
If on the opening lead the fourth player says Re or Kontra before second hand plays, this indicates that they are going to trump the lead and want their partner to put a valuable card on it.
It is almost always correct to announce a marriage - rarely will you have a hand so good that it is profitable to go solo instead. It is always desirable to become the partner of a player with a marriage - you get a partner with at least 2 high trumps.
Therefore, if on lead against a marriage you might lead a 10 to win the trick; otherwise you could lead an ace in your shortest suit.
A game with Armut poverty is easier to win than it sounds, because the poverty player can discard valuable cards on partner's tricks, and also because the accepting player gets the chance to create voids.
When considering a solo, possession of the initial lead is a big advantage on most hands. Trump solos require a much stronger hand than you might at first think, and these hands will also play well in a normal game.
For an Ace solo, a five card suit to A A 10 will normally capture over 60 points. For a Queen or Jack solo 4 trumps are often sufficient, but you also need a reasonable number of aces.
It is often bad to lead the second round of hearts, because of the danger of giving a ruff and discard to the opponents, since there are only six cards in the suit.
In tournament play, it is very likely that a player will not get a hand which warrants a solo bid during the session and so a compulsory solo, particularly towards the end, should almost always have Kontra said if declarer does not say Re.
The second 10 of hearts wins if both are played to the same trick. This reduces the power of these cards, and prevents the lead of one in order to become the partner of a marriage.
Variant: the second 10 of hearts wins except on the last trick. If several players want to bid a solo, a player later in the bidding can announce "no 90".
The first player may either pass, letting the second solo play, or hold the bid and themselves play in solo with no 90 announced; the second solo may then announce no 60, and so on.
The first player can hold this by making the same announcement, which in turn can be outbid with a further announcement, and so on.
Many people remove all the nines and play with a 40 card pack. This makes the trumps even more important and reduces scope for play in the side suits.
Some play that Re and Kontra double the score for the game, rather than adding two. Some play that the scores for foxes and Charlie are also doubled.
A player with particularly bad cards can annul the hand and demand a redeal. There are various versions of what you need to do this:.
The number of cards required for each announcement is 12 for Re or Kontra, 10 for no 90, 8 for no 60, 6 for no 30, 4 for schwarz. This remains the same even when a marriage has been announced; in this case, a player who does not yet know which side they are on may say "double" instead of "Re" or "Kontra".
When playing with 40 cards, there is a bonus point for a trick consisting of all 4 hearts two aces and two kings.
A king solo is allowed - similar to the queen and jack solos but with the four kings as trumps. Genscher A player who holds both kings of diamonds can, when playing the first of them, announce Genscher and choose a new partner - obviously someone who has already won plenty of points.
If the player with the kings belongs to the Re-team, the chosen partner from that moment also joins the Re-team, and the Genscher's old partner goes to the Kontra-team.
Conversely, if the Genscher announcer is on the Kontra-team, the chosen partner joins that team, and Genscher's old partner joins the Re-team.
All announcements, such as 'no 90', 'no 60', etc. A Doppelkopf, rather than being a trick containing 40 or more points, is a trick which contains two pairs of identical cards.
All solo contracts score double alternative: all solo contracts are automatically considered to announce Re. If several players want to bid solo, the one latest in the bidding rather than earliest has precedence.
There is a bonus score of 2 for winning the last trick with a fox, or for catching a fox in the last trick. Some also play that catching a fox on the first trick counts 2.
Although there is a point for winning the last trick with a Charlie, there is no penalty for playing a Charlie to the last trick, if the opponents win it.
After certain events there is a Bockround, in which all scores are doubled - this starts with the deal after the event that caused the Bockround, and continues for one deal by each player - i.
Events which may be agreed to cause a Bockround include:. Instead of the partnerships being determined by the queens of clubs, it is the holders of the two kings of diamonds who are partners and form the Re team.
The kings of diamonds are the highest trumps instead of the tens of hearts. The tens of hearts are ordinary hearts between the aces and the kings.
This is not played at the same time as variation 14 or The declarer in a solo makes the opening lead, and afterwards the same dealer redeals the next hand.
The 10s of hearts do not count as trumps, but as ordinary hearts. The highest trumps are the queens of clubs. This was the original rule but is rarely played nowadays.
If the first trick contains 30 or more points the winner must say Re or Kontra as appropriate. If the trick winner's team has already announced Re or Kontra, the trick winner must announce "no 90".
Schwarze Sau Black Sow. One round of this is sometimes played after a Bock round or one game after each Bock game.
The player who ends up with the second queen of spades in his or her tricks is playing alone - the hand is scored as though that player was playing solo.
Scharfe Sharps. If a player holds both kings of hearts, these are called "scharf" sharp. The holder announces "scharfe" when playing the first king of hearts.
When the kings of hearts are sharp, they count as trumps ranking between the 10s of hearts and the queens of vlubs. If no kings of hearts are played to the first heart trick, this may be taken as a clue that someone probably has Scharfe.
This is a system of signalling for tournament use. The system involves choice of lead, timing of announcements and deliberate hesitation during the play Bridge players may be shocked by this last idea, but in Doppelkopf it is legal to hesitate intentionally, for example when waiting to see whether your partner wants to make an announcement.
At GameDuell you can play Doppelkopf online against live opponents. Fuchstreff is a free Doppelkopf community site where you can meet other players and play Doppelkopf online.
From Skat With Michael Fischer's Net Doppelkopf program, available from his Cutesoft site , you can play against the computer or against live opponents over a local network or over the Internet.
Doppelkopf Palast is a cross-platform multiplayer Doppelkopf app which allows users of Android, iOS and Facebook to play together. The website is in German but a complete English language version is available.
Isar Interactive publishes a Doppelkopf app for Apple and Android devices. Free Doko is the home page of a project to produce a free Doppelkopf computer game.
Doppelkopf This page is mostly based on a contribution from Noel Leaver. Deal Dealer shuffles and the cards are cut; then all the cards are dealt out, three at a time starting on dealer's left and continuing clockwise.
Bidding The bidding consists of a single round starting with the player to dealer's left. The possibilities, from lowest to highest, are: Hochzeit marriage Armut poverty Solo various types Whoever has the highest ranking Vorbehalt plays their game.
Normal Game In the normal game, when everyone says "Gesund", the cards rank as above and the two players who hold the queens of clubs known as the old women are partners against the other two.
Hochzeit marriage Usually a player who has both queens of clubs will not be strong enough to play a silent solo, and will want a partner.
Armut poverty A person with three or fewer trumps can say "Vorbehalt" reservation and then announce Armut poverty. Solo A solo is a game played alone, against the other three playing as a team.
There are several types: Trump Solo: Declarer names a trump suit. If it is diamonds, the cards rank as normal. If the trump suit is not diamonds, the A 10 K 9 of diamonds become a side suit, and the cards of the suit named as trumps become part of the trump suit in their place.
If hearts are trumps the 10 s still rank as the highest trumps, and there are only 24 trumps. All four suits rank A 10 K J 9.
The suits rank A 10 K Q 9. This contract is also called Fleischloser meat free or vegetarian solo. Play The play is in tricks of four cards, with the winner of each trick leading to the next.
Announcements during the play In a normal game, the team with the queens of clubs are called the Re team. To make an announcement, the player must have at least the number of cards shown below: "No 90" - 10 cards or more "No 60" - 9 cards or more "No 30" - 8 cards or more "Schwarz" - 7 cards or more An announcement can only be made if the team has already made all the previous announcements including Re or Kontra , so for example "no 90" can only be announced by a team that has said "Re" or "Kontra", and the declarer's side cannot announce "no 60" unless they have already announced "Re" and "no 90".
Scoring The score is kept on a piece of paper, with a column for each player, containing their cumulative total of points. The Ace is left face up in the pile of tricks to indicate the point.
It may not be clear when the trick is won whether the Ace came from the winner's partner or opponent, in which case it is left face up and turned over if necessary when the partnership becomes clear.
Playing it to the last trick loses a point if the trick is won by the opponents, there is no score either way if the trick is won by the partner.
Winning a trick where all four cards are 10s and Aces scores one game point. When this happens, one of the cards is placed face up in the pile of tricks won to indicate the point.
Fox and Charlie cannot be scored in a solo. Tournament Play Tournaments are normally played in a number of sessions of 24 deals, each session consisting of 20 normal hands plus 4 compulsory solos if their are five players rather than four, then 25 hands with five solos.
Notes on Play and Tactics The rule that the first of equal cards wins makes it very important to lead your ace of a side suit before an opponent can lead theirs, as the second round is almost certain to be trumped - there are only 8 cards in a suit 6 in hearts.
Therefore, if on lead at the start, you priorities are usually: lead a single black ace shortest suit first with two ; lead a single ace of hearts; lead an ace from a pair.
Variations Two of the commonest variants, both worth trying, are: 1. Some further variants are: 3. There are various versions of what you need to do this: At least five 9s At least 6 or sometimes 5 Kings Four kings and four nines At least 8 cards that are tens or aces At most one trump 6.
Some variations on Armut: Aces of diamonds do not count towards the three trumps for Armut. The Armut player may only offer the trumps they hold for exchange and must offer all of them , ie they might have to offer fewer than three cards.
Trumps may not be passed back to the Armut player. Es eignet sich gut für Anfänger, um während des Spiels den Überblick zu behalten.
Auch wenn es festgelegte Doppelkopfregeln gibt " Deutscher Doppelkopf Verband e. Daher müssen auch erfahrene Doppelkopfspieler mit neuen Partnern immer vorher die Regeln absprechen oder es werden die Hausregeln verwendet - d.
Beim Doku Kurzform für Doppelkopf ist es eigentlich verpönt lange Reden zu schwingen, oder eines der üblichen Konversationsthemen wie Wetter, Urlaub, Arbeit oder Benzinpreise auf den Tisch des Hauses zu bringen.
Allerdings, gerade nach verlorenen Spielen ist der ein oder andere Witz manchmal angebracht, um den Verlust mit einem herzhaften Lachen besser zu verschmerzen.
Doppelkopf — für Anfänger Doppelkopf ist ein altes deutsches Kartenspiel, in aller Regel mit genau 4 Spielern, dass in Deutschland sehr verbreitet ist.
Trümpfe Reihenfolge 1. Buben-Solo: Nur die 8 Buben sind Trumpf. Der Partner ist derjenige, der den ersten Stich gewinnt, dessen erste Karte kein Trumpf ist Fehlstich.
Spielanleitung Vorbehalte: Bevor die erste Karte ausgespielt wird, kann jeder beginnend mit dem Spieler links vom Geber einen Vorbehalt ansagen oder auch nicht, dann ist er "gesund".
Solo geht hier vor Hochzeit, und Solo bis auf stille Hochzeit " sitzt vorne ", d. Re und Kontra verdoppeln beide die Spielpunkte. Diese Ansagen dürfen getätigt werden, solange die 6.
Karte des 2. Stichs noch nicht offen auf dem Tisch liegt. Absagen: Nur dann, wenn Re oder Kontra angesagt wurde, sind weitere "Ansagen" möglich, die allerdings Absagen genannt werden: Keine 90 — vor der Karte Keine 60 — vor der Karte Keine 30 — vor der Karte Keine 0 Schwarz — vor der Wie spielt man Doppelkopf?
Im normalen Spiel sind alle Karos Trumpf. Nur wenn dies auf Grund des Blatts nicht möglich ist, kann abgeworfen eine andere Fehlfarbe oder gestochen werden ein Trumpf.
Bei zwei gleichen Karten innerhalb eines Stichs, hat immer die zuerst gespielte Karte den höheren Rang "liegt oben".
Doppelkopf wird mit einem doppelten Kartensatz gespielt, jede Karte ist also zweimal vorhanden.